Mobility-on-demand vs fixed-route transit systems in low-income communities

Some transit observers envision future public transit to be integrated systems with fixed-route services running along major corridors and ridesourcing servicing lower-density areas. This paper evaluates traveler preferences for a proposed integrated transit system versus the existing fixed-route system, with a particular focus on disadvantaged travelers. Results from low-income communties in Detroit and Ypsilanti suggest that a majority of survey respondents preferred a MOD transit system over a fixed-route one. However, some women may have safety concerns, and low technology self-efficacy can be a more serious barrier for many people to adopt MOD transit.

Key words: mobility on demand, public transit, transport equity

Yan, X., Zhao, X., Han, Y., Van Hentenryck, P., Dillahunt, T. (2021). Mobility-on-demand versus fixed-route transit systems: An evaluation of traveler preferences in low-income communities. [Download Paper]. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 148, 481-495. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2021.03.019